Home > YLAD Living Soils outline the production process of humus compost

YLAD Living Soils outline the production process of humus compost

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YLAD Living Soils  believes that humus compost is one of the most cost effective ways of improving soil health and fertility with improved productivity.

YLAD Living Soils pioneered humus technology in Australia after attending the Advanced Compost System Workshop in the United States. Humus technology involves the production of humus compost and the use and value of the compost in agriculture.

Many may ask what the difference between regular compost and humus compost is. All too often organic matter that has been simply broken down is labeled compost.

In humus compost the real value comes after the breakdown phase, when microbial inoculums are added to the windrow, and long chain polymers of humus are built up by microbes, becoming an active carbon source. Organic matter is not humus unless it has been through the body of a microbe.

YLAD Living Soils are the Australian and New Zealand distributors for Aeromaster Composting Equipment, manufactured by Midwest Bio-Systems in Illinois USA, and in the past three years have set up twenty-eight Aeromaster Turner operations for converting waste residues into humus compost. This quality compost is then used by farmers on their land to restore and enhance biological activity. The nutrients held in humus and microbial biomass are available for plant uptake, but less likely to tie-up or leach.

Humus compost is made by blending a nitrogen feedstock, animal manure for example, with a carbon feedstock, such as straw, green waste and clay with a carbon:nitrogen ratio of 25-30:1. This ratio ensures that the correct temperature and carbon dioxide cycle occurs killing any e-coli, salmonella and weed seeds.

The humus compost production is a 10 week aerobic controlled cycle that is consistently repeatable with predictability. This aerobic process creates an optimal environment for aerobic microbes to flourish. High quality humus compost builds a microbial environment in which beneficial microbes thrive and multiply.

Each day the compost windrows are tested and turning carried out relevant to temperature, carbon dioxide and moisture levels, to ensure the compost is consistently mature and stable at the end of a 10 week cycle.

Consistency and quality is managed through the windrowing process and by using windrow fabric covers.

Compost quality is measured by government standards of what is not in and also the beneficial impact it will have on soil and plant health.

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